The term dissertation is derived from the Latin concept of dissertatio, that means reasoning, path, research. The first research papers appeared in the scientific community in the Middle Ages.
It is believed that the dissertations began to be written in the XI-XII centuries after the opening of such educational institutions as the Bologna and Oxford universities. Up until the 16th century, these scientific works were handwritten and were large posters on which applicants wrote down their positions. They were hung in front of the defense in the classrooms, where everyone could get acquainted with new research.
The degree of doctor on the basis of the dissertation began to be conferred in the first half of the twelfth century at the University of Bologna, and in 1231 the University of Paris introduced the title of Doctor of Theology. In the 16th century printed dissertations entered into use.
Each applicant had to print out his scientific papers and send them to all interested persons for familiarization. Some of these rules are preserved in our days. Today, any researcher who is applying for a scientific degree should issue a dissertation in the form of a manuscript, and then send it to the participants of the dissertation council.
What is the dissertation
The thesis is a qualifying scientific work, based on which an academic or academic degree is awarded.
Requirements for its content may vary according to the rank for which the specialist claims, subject, and clear direction. But in any case, the work must be original, have novelty, and have practical value. A prerequisite for the defense is the presence of the applicant of works on his subject, published in scientific journals.
What are the requirements for a thesis
According to the regulations on awarding academic degrees, the thesis must be written by the applicant himself, individually, including his own research results in his work.
All statements and ideas presented in the work should be reasoned and presented in full. The basis of the thesis must be based on the latest information describing any new phenomena, facts, patterns, or something else.