1. Carefully read all the topics proposed for writing an essay.
2. Select the one that will meet several requirements:
- interesting to you;
- you understand the meaning of the statement;
- there is something to say about these topics (you know the terms, you can give examples, you have personal experience).
3. Determine the main idea of the statement, for this, use the method of paraphrase (say the same thing but in your own words).
4. Sketch out the arguments for and against (if you have the arguments, taken as the topic, your essay may have polemical in nature.
5. For each argument, select examples, facts, situations from life, personal experience.
6. Think about what literary techniques you will use to make the language of your essay more intriguing, and alive.
7. Distribute the selected arguments and counterarguments in the sequence (this will be your plan).
8. Come up with an introduction to the argument (you can write in it, why you chose this topic, to give information about the author of the utterance).
9. Formulate a general conclusion of the work, and edit it.
How to choose an essay topic
Ask yourself some questions:
1. Do I understand the meaning of the statement?
2. What are the main problems of social science related topic?
3. Do I understand how to express my attitude towards it?
4. What social science terms do I need to substantiate my point of view competently?
5. What are some examples from history, public life, and life experience?
How to learn to write an essay
1. Understand that an essay is a type of writing in which the leading role is played not by the reproduction of a fact, but by the image of impressions, reflections of associations. The author’s position and attitude (especially in the central part) must be clearly traced.
2. Write the topic of an essay.
3. Do not forget that you are writing a cause and effect essay, therefore, immediately on the draft, write different terms, quotes, examples, and facts acceptable for the disclosure of this topic.
4. Determine the problem. A problem is a complex practical or theoretical issue that needs to be resolved.